Articles | Volume 18, issue 7
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 4935–4964, 2018

Special issue: Twenty-five years of operations of the Network for the Detection...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 4935–4964, 2018

Review article 11 Apr 2018

Review article | 11 Apr 2018

The Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC): history, status and perspectives

Martine De Mazière1, Anne M. Thompson2, Michael J. Kurylo3, Jeannette D. Wild4, Germar Bernhard5, Thomas Blumenstock6, Geir O. Braathen7, James W. Hannigan8, Jean-Christopher Lambert1, Thierry Leblanc9, Thomas J. McGee2, Gerald Nedoluha10, Irina Petropavlovskikh11, Gunther Seckmeyer12, Paul C. Simon1, Wolfgang Steinbrecht13, and Susan E. Strahan3 Martine De Mazière et al.
  • 1Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy (BIRA-IASB), Brussels, 1180, Belgium
  • 2NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Earth Sciences Division, Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001, USA
  • 3Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Science, Technology and Research, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771-0001, USA
  • 4INNOVIM, LLC,Greenbelt, MD; Climate Prediction Center, NOAA Center for Weather and Climate Prediction, College Park, MD 20740, USA
  • 5Biospherical Instruments, Inc., San Diego, CA 92110-2621, USA
  • 6Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT),76021 Karlsruhe, Germany
  • 7Atmospheric Environment Research Division, Research Department, World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Geneva, Switzerland
  • 8Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80305-5602, USA
  • 9Table Mountain Facility, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Wrightwood, CA 92397-0367, USA
  • 10Remote Sensing Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5351,USA
  • 11NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Global Monitoring Division, Boulder, CO 80305-3328, USA
  • 12Institute for Meteorology and Climatology, University of Hannover, 30419 Hannover, Germany
  • 13Deutscher Wetterdienst, Meteorologisches Observatorium, 82383 Hohenpeissenberg, Germany

Abstract. The Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) is an international global network of more than 90 stations making high-quality measurements of atmospheric composition that began official operations in 1991 after 5 years of planning. Apart from sonde measurements, all measurements in the network are performed by ground-based remote-sensing techniques. Originally named the Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC), the name of the network was changed to NDACC in 2005 to better reflect the expanded scope of its measurements. The primary goal of NDACC is to establish long-term databases for detecting changes and trends in the chemical and physical state of the atmosphere (mesosphere, stratosphere, and troposphere) and to assess the coupling of such changes with climate and air quality. NDACC's origins, station locations, organizational structure, and data archiving are described. NDACC is structured around categories of ground-based observational techniques (sonde, lidar, microwave radiometers, Fourier-transform infrared, UV-visible DOAS (differential optical absorption spectroscopy)-type, and Dobson–Brewer spectrometers, as well as spectral UV radiometers), timely cross-cutting themes (ozone, water vapour, measurement strategies, cross-network data integration), satellite measurement systems, and theory and analyses. Participation in NDACC requires compliance with strict measurement and data protocols to ensure that the network data are of high and consistent quality. To widen its scope, NDACC has established formal collaborative agreements with eight other cooperating networks and Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW). A brief history is provided, major accomplishments of NDACC during its first 25 years of operation are reviewed, and a forward-looking perspective is presented.

Short summary
This paper serves as an introduction to the special issue "Twenty-five years of operations of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC)". It describes the origins of the network, its actual status, and some perspectives for its future evolution in the context of atmospheric sciences.
Final-revised paper