Articles | Volume 16, issue 13
Research article
04 Jul 2016
Research article |  | 04 Jul 2016

Global fine-mode aerosol radiative effect, as constrained by comprehensive observations

Chul E. Chung, Jung-Eun Chu, Yunha Lee, Twan van Noije, Hwayoung Jeoung, Kyung-Ja Ha, and Marguerite Marks


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Short summary
Currently, the magnitude of aerosol direct forcing is estimated to range from −0.85 W m−2 to +0.15 W m−2. The uncertainty in estimated aerosol direct forcing is largely due to uncertainties in global aerosol simulation models. We processed a comprehensive suite of observations and developed creative uses of observations to constrain aerosol simulations. The net results are that (i) we reduced the forcing uncertainty and (ii) we showed that the forcing must be less negative than the consensus.
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