Articles | Volume 16, issue 22
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14317–14329, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14317-2016
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 14317–14329, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14317-2016

Research article 17 Nov 2016

Research article | 17 Nov 2016

Application of a new scheme of cloud base droplet nucleation in a spectral (bin) microphysics cloud model: sensitivity to aerosol size distribution

Eyal Ilotoviz and Alexander Khain Eyal Ilotoviz and Alexander Khain
  • Department of Atmospheric Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

Abstract. A new scheme of droplet nucleation at cloud base is implemented into the Hebrew University Cloud Model (HUCM) with spectral (bin) microphysics. In this scheme, supersaturation maximum Smax near cloud base is calculated using theoretical results according to which Smax ∼ w3∕4Nd−1∕2, where w is the vertical velocity at cloud base and Nd is droplet concentration. Microphysical cloud structure obtained in the simulations of a midlatitude hail storm using the new scheme is compared with that obtained in the standard approach, in which droplet nucleation is calculated using supersaturation calculated in grid points. The simulations were performed with different concentrations of cloud condensational nuclei (CCN) and with different shapes of CCN size spectra. It is shown that the new nucleation scheme substantially improves the vertical profile of droplet concentration shifting the concentration maximum to cloud base. It is shown that the effect of the CCN size distribution shape on cloud microphysics is not less important than the effect of the total CCN concentration. It is shown that the smallest CCN with diameters less than about 0.015 µm have a substantial effect on mixed-phase and ice microphysics of deep convective clouds. Such CCN are not measured by standard CCN probes, which hinders understanding of cold microphysical processes.

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In this paper the evolution of deep convective clouds is simulated under different aerosol loading. The simulations are performed using a spectral-bin microphysics model in which droplet concentration at cloud base is calculated using a new analytical method. The effect of this accurate calculation of droplet concentration is analyzed by comparison with a standard method. The role of the smallest CCN in the aerosol spectra is investigated.
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