Articles | Volume 14, issue 13
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7019–7030, 2014
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7019–7030, 2014

Review article 10 Jul 2014

Review article | 10 Jul 2014

Basic convective element: bubble or plume? A historical review

J.-I. Yano J.-I. Yano
  • GAME/CNRS, URA1357, CNRS-INSU-Météo France, Toulouse, France

Abstract. During the 1950s and 1960s, when intensive investigations on atmospheric moist convection were launched, two possibilities were identified for the basic element of moist convection: bubble and plume. The present paper reviews the investigations of this period, and suggests how the mass-flux convection parameterization formulation emerged from these early investigations. The choice of the steady-plume model as a key ingredient of the mass-flux formulation is especially carefully discussed. Some historical lessons are suggested, especially in the light of the current trend of more emphasis on the bubble dynamics as elucidated by high-resolution numerical modeling and laboratory experiments.

Final-revised paper