Hygroscopicity, CCN and volatility properties of submicron atmospheric aerosol in a boreal forest environment during the summer of 2010
- 1Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
- 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
- 3Helsinki Institute of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
- 4AirModus OY, Helsinki, Finland
- 5Department of Applied Environmental Science and Bert Bolin Center for Climate Research, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
- 6Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, Langelandsgade 140, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Abstract. A Volatility-Hygroscopicity Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (VH-TDMA) was applied to study the hygroscopicity and volatility properties of submicron atmospheric aerosol particles in a boreal forest environment in Hyytiälä, Finland during the summer of 2010. Aitken and accumulation mode internally mixed particles (50 nm, 75 nm and 110 nm in diameter) were investigated. Hygroscopicity was found to increase with particle size. The relative mass fraction of organics and SO42- is probably the major contributor to the fluctuation of the hygroscopicity for all particle sizes. The Cloud Condensation Nuclei Counter (CCNC)-derived hygroscopicity parameter κ was observed to be slightly higher than κ calculated from VH-TDMA data under sub-saturated conditions, potential reasons for this behavior are discussed shortly. Also, the size-resolved volatility properties of particles were investigated. Upon heating, more small particles evaporated compared to large particles. There was a significant amount of aerosol volume (non-volatile material) left, even at heating temperatures of 280 °C. Using size resolved volatility-hygroscopicity analysis, we concluded that there was always hygroscopic material remaining in the particles at different heating temperatures, even at 280 °C. This indicates that the observed non-volatile aerosol material did not consist solely of black carbon.