Articles | Volume 13, issue 20
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10397–10404, 2013
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10397–10404, 2013

Research article 28 Oct 2013

Research article | 28 Oct 2013

Proton affinities of candidates for positively charged ambient ions in boreal forests

K. Ruusuvuori1, T. Kurtén2, I. K. Ortega1, J. Faust1,3, and H. Vehkamäki1 K. Ruusuvuori et al.
  • 1Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
  • 2Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, P.O. BOX 55, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
  • 3Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1322, USA

Abstract. The optimized structures and proton affinities of a total of 81 nitrogen-containing bases, chosen based on field measurements of ambient positive ions, were studied using the CBS-QB3 quantum chemical method. The results were compared to values given in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Chemistry WebBook in cases where a value was listed. The computed values show good agreement with the values listed in NIST. Grouping the molecules based on their molecular formula, the largest calculated proton affinities for each group were also compared with experimentally observed ambient cation concentrations in a boreal forest. This comparison allows us to draw qualitative conclusions about the relative ambient concentrations of different nitrogen-containing organic base molecules.

Final-revised paper