Articles | Volume 12, issue 12
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5329–5341, 2012

Special issue: DOMINO: the Diel Oxidant Mechanisms in relation to Nitrogen...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5329–5341, 2012

Research article 19 Jun 2012

Research article | 19 Jun 2012

Case study of the diurnal variability of chemically active species with respect to boundary layer dynamics during DOMINO

B. J. H. van Stratum1, J. Vilà-Guerau de Arellano1, H. G. Ouwersloot1,2, K. van den Dries1, T. W. van Laar1, M. Martinez2, J. Lelieveld2, J.-M. Diesch3, F. Drewnick3, H. Fischer2, Z. Hosaynali Beygi2, H. Harder2, E. Regelin2, V. Sinha4, J. A. Adame5, M. Sörgel6,*, R. Sander2, H. Bozem2, W. Song2, J. Williams2, and N. Yassaa2,7 B. J. H. van Stratum et al.
  • 1Wageningen University, Meteorology and Air Quality Section, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • 2Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Department of Atmospheric Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
  • 3Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Particle Chemistry Department, Mainz, Germany
  • 4Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali, Sector 81, S. A. S. Nagar, Manauli PO, Punjab, 140306, India
  • 5National Institute for Aerospace Technology, Atmospheric Sounding Station – El Arenosillo, Mazagón, Spain
  • 6University of Bayreuth, Atmospheric Chemistry Research Laboratory, Bayreuth, Germany
  • 7University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Faculty of Chemistry, Algiers, Algeria
  • *now at: University of Bayreuth, Junior Professorship in Atmospheric Chemistry, Bayreuth, Germany

Abstract. We study the interactions between atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) dynamics and atmospheric chemistry using a mixed-layer model coupled to chemical reaction schemes. Guided by both atmospheric and chemical measurements obtained during the DOMINO (Diel Oxidant Mechanisms in relation to Nitrogen Oxides) campaign (2008), numerical experiments are performed to study the role of ABL dynamics and the accuracy of chemical schemes with different complexity: the Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers, version 4 (MOZART-4) and a reduced mechanism of this chemical system. Both schemes produce satisfactory results, indicating that the reduced scheme is capable of reproducing the O3-NOx-VOC-HOx diurnal cycle during conditions characterized by a low NOx regime and small O3 tendencies (less than 1 ppb per hour). By focusing on the budget equations of chemical species in the mixed-layer model, we show that for species like O3, NO and NO2, the influence of entrainment and boundary layer growth is of the same order as chemical production/loss. This indicates that an accurate representation of ABL processes is crucial in understanding the diel cycle of chemical species. By comparing the time scales of chemical reactive species with the mixing time scale of turbulence, we propose a classification based on the Damköhler number to further determine the importance of dynamics on chemistry during field campaigns. Our findings advocate an integrated approach, simultaneously solving the ABL dynamics and chemical reactions, in order to obtain a better understanding of chemical pathways and processes and the interpretation of the results obtained during measurement campaigns.

Final-revised paper