Articles | Volume 11, issue 11
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5221–5236, 2011

Special issue: Global Emissions Inventory Activity (GEIA): progress, evaluation...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5221–5236, 2011

Research article 01 Jun 2011

Research article | 01 Jun 2011

Spatial and temporal variations in ammonia emissions – a freely accessible model code for Europe

C. A. Skjøth1, C. Geels1, H. Berge2, S. Gyldenkærne1, H. Fagerli2, T. Ellermann1, L. M. Frohn1, J. Christensen1, K. M. Hansen1, K. Hansen1, and O. Hertel1,3 C. A. Skjøth et al.
  • 1National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University, P.O. Box 358, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
  • 2Norwegian Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 43, 0313 Oslo, Norway
  • 3Department for Environmental, Social and Spatial Change (ENSPAC), Roskilde University, P.O. Box 260, Universitetsvej 1, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark

Abstract. Deriving a parameterisation of ammonia emissions for use in chemistry-transport models (CTMs) is a complex problem as the emission varies locally as a result of local climate and local agricultural management. In current CTMs such factors are generally not taken into account. This paper demonstrates how local climate and local management can be accounted for in CTMs by applying a modular approach for deriving data as input to a dynamic ammonia emission model for Europe. Default data are obtained from information in the RAINS system, and it is demonstrated how this dynamic emission model based on these input data improves the NH3 calculations in a CTM model when the results are compared with calculations obtained by traditional methods in emission handling. It is also shown how input data can be modified over a specific target region resulting in even further improvement in performance over this domain. The model code and the obtained default values for the modelling experiments are available as supplementary information to this article for use by the modelling community on similar terms as the EMEP CTM model: the GPL licencse v3.

Final-revised paper