Articles | Volume 10, issue 15
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7117–7125, 2010
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7117–7125, 2010

  03 Aug 2010

03 Aug 2010

Effects of climate-induced changes in isoprene emissions after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo

P. J. Telford1, J. Lathière2,3,4, N. L. Abraham1, A. T. Archibald1, P. Braesicke1, C. E. Johnson5, O. Morgenstern1,*, F. M. O'Connor5, R. C. Pike1, O. Wild3, P. J. Young1,**, D. J. Beerling2, C. N. Hewitt3, and J. Pyle1 P. J. Telford et al.
  • 1Centre for Atmospheric Science, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK
  • 2Department of Plant and Animal Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
  • 3Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
  • 4now at Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environment, Gif sur Yvette, France
  • 5Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK
  • *now at: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Lauder, New Zealand
  • **now at: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado 80305, USA

Abstract. In the 1990s the rates of increase of greenhouse gas concentrations, most notably of methane, were observed to change, for reasons that have yet to be fully determined. This period included the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo and an El Niño warm event, both of which affect biogeochemical processes, by changes in temperature, precipitation and radiation. We examine the impact of these changes in climate on global isoprene emissions and the effect these climate dependent emissions have on the hydroxy radical, OH, the dominant sink for methane. We model a reduction of isoprene emissions in the early 1990s, with a maximum decrease of 40 Tg(C)/yr in late 1992 and early 1993, a change of 9%. This reduction is caused by the cooler, drier conditions following the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. Isoprene emissions are reduced both directly, by changes in temperature and a soil moisture dependent suppression factor, and indirectly, through reductions in the total biomass. The reduction in isoprene emissions causes increases of tropospheric OH which lead to an increased sink for methane of up to 5 Tg(CH4)/year, comparable to estimated source changes over the time period studied. There remain many uncertainties in the emission and oxidation of isoprene which may affect the exact size of this effect, but its magnitude is large enough that it should remain important.

Final-revised paper