An investigation of the origins of reactive gaseous mercury in the Mediterranean marine boundary layer
- Institute for Atmospheric Pollution Research, Rende Section, Rende, CS, Italy
Abstract. Atmospheric mercury species concentrations were measured during two oceanographic cruise campaigns covering the Adriatic Sea, the first during the autumn in 2004 and the second in the summer of 2005. The inclement weather during the autumn campaign meant that no clear in-situ production of oxidised gas phase mercury was seen. Events where high values of HgII(g) and/or Hg associated with particulates (HgP) were observed, could be linked to probable anthropogenic emission source areas. During the summer campaign however, the by now rather familiar diurnal variation of HgII(g) concentration, with maxima around midday, was observed. Again there were events when high HgII(g) and particulates (HgP) concentrations were seen which did not fit with the pattern of daily in-situ HgII(g) production. These events were traceable, with the help of back trajectory calculations, to areas of anthropogenic emissions. The back trajectories for all the events during which high Hg species concentrations were encountered showed that the airmass being sampled had passed near port areas in the previous 24 h. Not all these ports are associated with major industrial installations, it is possible therefore (bearing in mind the uncertainty associated with the back trajectory calculations) that either shipping or port activities are a Hg source. Box modelling studies of the summer 2005 campaign show that although the in-situ production of HgII(g) occurs in the MBL, the exact chemical mechanism responsible is difficult to determine. However given the high O3 concentrations encountered during this campaign it seems clear that if Hg0 does react with O3, it does not produce gas phase HgII. Equally, the reaction between Hg0 and OH if it occurs, does not contribute appreciably to HgII(g) production.