05 Oct 2021
05 Oct 2021
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Measurement Report: Strong Valley Wind Events during the International Collaborative Experiment – PyeongChang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games Project

Paul Joe1, Gyuwon Lee2, and Kwonil Kim2 Paul Joe et al.
  • 1Environment and Climate Change Canada (retired), 4905 Dufferin St., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3H 5T4
  • 2Department of Astronomy and Atmospheric Sciences, Center for Atmospheric REmote sensing (CARE), Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea

Abstract. Strong gusty wind events were responsible for some of the poor performances of competitors and resulted in schedule changes during the PyeongChang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. Three events at two venues were investigated to document and articulate the wind forecasting and nowcasting challenges. Upper air analysis showed that the Games were dominated by northwesterly synoptic flow. Froude and Reynolds number analyses indicated that vortex shedding or wake turbulence were the dominant mechanisms in the lee of the mountains where the free-style competitions were conducted. Three types of wind data (10 and 1 min averages plus 1 minute maximums) from automatic weather stations that were reported every minute were analyzed using advanced techniques (Hovmueller, wavelet and eigen analysis frequency estimation). For the two days of Event 1, the conditions were well mixed throughout the day and night. For the other events, diurnal variations were observed with a stable atmosphere at night, well mixed in the afternoon and with 2–4 hour transition periods in the morning and evenings. Turbulence was best portrayed using wavelet analysis and vortex shedding was best portrayed using the eigen analysis frequency estimation method. The latter revealed dominant frequencies, presumably associated with vortex shedding with periodicities of 20 to 90 minutes. Nowcast implications are discussed.

Paul Joe et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-620', Anonymous Referee #1, 02 Dec 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-620', Anonymous Referee #2, 18 Dec 2021
  • AC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-620', Paul I. Joe, 16 Feb 2022
  • AC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-620', Paul I. Joe, 18 Feb 2022

Paul Joe et al.

Paul Joe et al.


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Short summary
Strong gusty wind events were responsible for poor performance of competitors and schedule changes during the PyeongChang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. Three events were investigated and documented to articulate the challenges confronting forecasters which is beyond what they normally do. Quantitative evidence of the challenge and recommendations for future Olympics are provided.