Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-1157
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2019-1157
14 Jan 2020
 | 14 Jan 2020
Status: this preprint was under review for the journal ACP. A final paper is not foreseen.

Amine and guanidine emissions from a boreal forest floor

Marja Hemmilä, Ulla Makkonen, Aki Virkkula, Georgia Panagiotopoulou, Juho Aalto, Markku Kulmala, Tuukka Petäjä, Hannele Hakola, and Heidi Hellén

Abstract. We measured amine and guanidine emission rates from a boreal forest floor in Finland with 1-h time resolution, using an online ion chromatograph (instrument for Measuring AeRosols and Gases in Ambient air – MARGA) coupled with an electrospray ionization-quadrupole mass spectrometer (MS). MARGA-MS was connected to a closed dynamic flow-through poly(methyl methacrylate) chamber. Chamber recovery for the emission measurements was tested semi-quantitatively for monomethyl-, dimethyl- and trimethylamine (MMA, DMA and TMA), and the results were 19 %, 29 % and 24 %, respectively. MMA, DMA and TMA showed maximum emission rates in July, but the highest emission rates for guanidine were in April, when snow was melting. The MMA, DMA and TMA emission rates also clearly varied diurnally, especially in July with maxima at afternoon. Diethylamine (DEA) also showed higher emission rates, with clear diurnal cycles in July. Other amine emission rates were mostly below the detection limits.

The temperature dependencies of the emissions were studied, and we noted a correlation between the emission rates and chamber temperature (Tchamber). Especially in July emission rates of DMA followed Tchamber measured two hours earlier and guanidine showed a similar pattern. On the other hand, the TMA emission rates correlated with Tchamber measured at the same time. This could be due to lower vaporizing temperature of TMA. Emission rates of DMA and TMA showed some air temperature (Tair) dependency, but for MMA dependency was not as clear.

This preprint has been withdrawn.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Marja Hemmilä, Ulla Makkonen, Aki Virkkula, Georgia Panagiotopoulou, Juho Aalto, Markku Kulmala, Tuukka Petäjä, Hannele Hakola, and Heidi Hellén

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Marja Hemmilä, Ulla Makkonen, Aki Virkkula, Georgia Panagiotopoulou, Juho Aalto, Markku Kulmala, Tuukka Petäjä, Hannele Hakola, and Heidi Hellén
Marja Hemmilä, Ulla Makkonen, Aki Virkkula, Georgia Panagiotopoulou, Juho Aalto, Markku Kulmala, Tuukka Petäjä, Hannele Hakola, and Heidi Hellén

Viewed

Total article views: 1,366 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
1,059 262 45 1,366 135 43 48
  • HTML: 1,059
  • PDF: 262
  • XML: 45
  • Total: 1,366
  • Supplement: 135
  • BibTeX: 43
  • EndNote: 48
Views and downloads (calculated since 14 Jan 2020)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 14 Jan 2020)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 1,382 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 1,379 with geography defined and 3 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Cited

Latest update: 20 May 2024
Download

This preprint has been withdrawn.

Short summary
Amines are atmospheric bases, which can affect to nucleation of aerosols. Lately, a computational study showed that guanidine could be even more effective to stabilize sulphuric acid clusters. In this paper we used a a dynamic flow-through chamber with an online ion chromatograph MARGA coupled with a mass spectrometer (MARGA-MS). We studied amine and guanidine emission from a boreal forest floor in Finland, and find out, that the boreal forest floor is a source of amines and guanidine.
Altmetrics