Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-15-23969-2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-15-23969-2015

  04 Sep 2015

04 Sep 2015

Review status: this preprint was under review for the journal ACP but the revision was not accepted.

Equatorial middle atmospheric chemical composition changes during sudden stratospheric warming events

O. Nath and S. Sridharan O. Nath and S. Sridharan
  • National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Department of Space, Gadanki 517 112, India

Abstract. Chemical composition data obtained from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) and Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) instruments onboard EOS-Aura and ENVISAT satellites are used to investigate the variation of ozone (O3), water vapor (H2O) and methane (CH4) volume mixing ratios (VMRs) in the height range 20–60 km over the equatorial region during the sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs) of 2004, 2009 and 2012, the occurrence of which are identified using the ERA (European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting Reanalysis) Interim temperature and zonal wind data sets. It is found that the O3 VMR shows increment whereas H2O VMR shows decrement during the SSW event and the possible reasons for these changes in the VMRs are investigated. In the upper stratosphere, the source of water vapor is oxidation of CH4 which takes place either by hydroxyl (OH) or by atomic oxygen (O). However, the OH VMR available for the year 2009 SSW event does not show any significant variation. The decrease of zonal mean MLS temperature over the equator during the SSW suggests that the rate of the reaction of ozone production (O + O2 ⟶ O3 + M), which increases with decreasing temperature, shifts the O/O3 ratio towards O3, resulting in the decrease of CH4 oxidation and consequent decrease in water vapor.

O. Nath and S. Sridharan

 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
 
Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement

O. Nath and S. Sridharan

O. Nath and S. Sridharan

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Short summary
Chemical composition changes over equator during SSW events are investigated using MLS and MIPAS data sets. It is found that the O3 VMR increases whereas H2O VMR decreases. In the upper stratosphere, the source of water vapor is oxidation of CH4 by OH or O. But, OH does not vary during SSW. The temperature decrease over equator during SSW increases the reaction rate of ozone production to shift the O/O3 ratio towards O3, resulting in decrease of CH4 oxidation and consequent decrease in H2O.
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