Received: 21 Nov 2014 – Accepted for review: 24 Nov 2014 – Discussion started: 14 Jan 2015
Abstract. We report on the first Raman lidar measurements of stratospheric aerosol layers in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over Korea. The data were taken with the multiwavelength aerosol Raman lidar at Gwangju (35.10° N, 126.53° E), Korea. The volcanic ash particles and gases were released around 12 June 2011 during the eruption of the Nabro volcano (13.37° N, 41.7° E) in Eritrea, east Africa. Forward trajectory computations show that the volcanic aerosols were advected from North Africa to East Asia. The first observation of the stratospheric aerosol layers over Korea was on 19 June 2011. The stratospheric aerosol layers appeared between 15 and 17 km height a.s.l. The aerosol layers' maximum value of the backscatter coefficient and the linear particle depolarization ratio at 532 nm were 1.5 ± 0.3 Mm−1 sr−1 and 2.2%, respectively. We found these values at 16.4 km height a.s.l. 44 days after this first observation, we observed the stratospheric aerosol layer again. We continuously probed the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere for this aerosol layer during the following 5 months, until December 2011. The aerosol layers typically occurred between 10 and 20 km height a.s.l. The stratospheric aerosol optical depth and the maximum backscatter coefficient at 532 nm decreased during these 5 months.
This preprint has been withdrawn.
How to cite. Shin, D., Müller, D., Lee, K., Shin, S., Kim, Y. J., Song, C. K., and Noh, Y. M.: Lidar observations of Nabro volcano aerosol layers in the stratosphere over Gwangju, Korea, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 15, 1171–1191, https://doi.org/10.5194/acpd-15-1171-2015, 2015.
We present for the first time results of Raman lidar observations of the temporal evolution of a stratospheric aerosol layer observed in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over Korea. We find what non-spherical particles may have been present in the lower stratosphere for at least six months after the eruption on the volcano. Our study adds to the limited information on volcanic aerosols over East Asia.
We present for the first time results of Raman lidar observations of the temporal evolution of a...