Influence of line mixing on the retrievals of atmospheric CO2 from spectra in the 1.6 and 2.1 μm regions
- 1Laboratoire Inter-universitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques (LISA) UMR CNRS/INSU 7583, Universités Paris VII et Paris XII, 94010 Créteil Cedex, France
- 2Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Abstract. We present the first study of the influence of line mixing among CO2 lines on the remote sensing retrieval of atmospheric carbon dioxide. This is done in the bands near 1.6 and 2.1 μm which will be used by the Greenhouse Gases Observatory Satellite (GOSAT) instrument and eventual successors of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO). A purely theoretical analysis is first made, based on simulations of atmospheric spectra. It shows that line mixing cannot be neglected since disregarding this process induces significant errors in the calculated absorption coefficients, leading to systematic structures in the spectral fit residuals and airmass-dependent biases in the retrieved CO2 amounts. These theoretical predictions are then confirmed by using atmospheric solar-absorption spectra measured by a ground-based Fourier transform spectrometer. It is first shown that including line mixing in the forward model used for the inversion leads to a very significant reduction of the residuals in the 2.1 μm region. Secondly, the inclusion of line mixing reduces the dependence of the retrieved CO2 on the airmass and greatly improves the consistency between values obtained independently from spectra in the 1.6 and 2.1 μm bands. These results open promising prospects for various ground-based and space-borne experiments monitoring the carbon dioxide atmospheric amounts.