Articles | Volume 8, issue 17
10 Sep 2008
 | 10 Sep 2008

Photolysis frequency measurement techniques: results of a comparison within the ACCENT project

B. Bohn, G. K. Corlett, M. Gillmann, S. Sanghavi, G. Stange, E. Tensing, M. Vrekoussis, W. J. Bloss, L. J. Clapp, M. Kortner, H.-P. Dorn, P. S. Monks, U. Platt, C. Plass-Dülmer, N. Mihalopoulos, D. E. Heard, K. C. Clemitshaw, F. X. Meixner, A. S. H. Prevot, and R. Schmitt

Abstract. An intercomparison of different radiometric techniques measuring atmospheric photolysis frequencies j(NO2), j(HCHO) and j(O1D) was carried out in a two-week field campaign in June 2005 at Jülich, Germany. Three double-monochromator based spectroradiometers (DM-SR), three single-monochromator based spectroradiometers with diode-array detectors (SM-SR) and seventeen filter radiometers (FR) (ten j(NO2)-FR, seven j(O1D)-FR) took part in this comparison. For j(NO2), all spectroradiometer results agreed within ±3%. For j(HCHO), agreement was slightly poorer between −8% and +4% of the DM-SR reference result. For the SM-SR deviations were explained by poorer spectral resolutions and lower accuracies caused by decreased sensitivities of the photodiode arrays in a wavelength range below 350 nm. For j(O1D), the results were more complex within +8% and −4% with increasing deviations towards larger solar zenith angles for the SM-SR. The direction and the magnitude of the deviations were dependent on the technique of background determination. All j(NO2)-FR showed good linearity with single calibration factors being sufficient to convert from output voltages to j(NO2). Measurements were feasible until sunset and comparison with previous calibrations showed good long-term stability. For the j(O1D)-FR, conversion from output voltages to j(O1D) needed calibration factors and correction functions considering the influences of total ozone column and elevation of the sun. All instruments showed good linearity at photolysis frequencies exceeding about 10% of maximum values. At larger solar zenith angles, the agreement was non-uniform with deviations explainable by insufficient correction functions. Comparison with previous calibrations for some j(O1D)-FR indicated drifts of calibration factors.

Final-revised paper