Articles | Volume 7, issue 18
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 4733–4749, 2007
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 4733–4749, 2007

  18 Sep 2007

18 Sep 2007

Retrieval of stratospheric and tropospheric BrO columns from multi-axis DOAS measurements at Reunion Island (21° S, 56° E)

N. Theys1, M. Van Roozendael1, F. Hendrick1, C. Fayt1, C. Hermans1, J.-L. Baray2, F. Goutail3, J.-P. Pommereau3, and M. De Mazière1 N. Theys et al.
  • 1Belgium Institute for Space Aeronomy (IASB-BIRA), Brussels, Belgium
  • 2Laboratoire de L'Atmosphère et des Cyclones (LACy), UMR-CNRS, St-Denis, La Réunion, France
  • 3Service d'Aéronomie, Verrières-le-Buisson, France

Abstract. Spectral measurements of BrO using zenith-sky and off-axis viewing geometries are combined in a linear multiple regression retrieval algorithm to provide stratospheric and tropospheric BrO vertical columns. One year of measurement data are investigated over Reunion-Island (20.9° S, 55.5° E), from August 2004 to June 2005. A comparison between the stratospheric columns retrieved at 45°, 80°, 85°, 87.5° and 92.5° solar zenith angles and photochemical simulations initialized by chemical fields from the 3-D-CTM SLIMCAT and further constrained by observed NO2 profiles shows a good agreement only by considering a contribution from the very short-lived organic bromine substances to the stratospheric inorganic bromine budget, of 6 to 8 pptv. Furthermore, stratospheric BrO profiles retrieved from late twilight zenith-sky observations are consistent with a total inorganic bromine (Bry) loading of approximately 23 pptv. This represents 6 to 7 pptv more than can be supplied by long-lived organic bromine sources, and therefore supports an added contribution from very short-lived organic bromine substances as recently suggested in several other studies. Moreover strong evidences are presented for the existence of a substantial amount of BrO in the tropical free-troposphere, around 6 km altitude, possibly supplied by the decomposition of short-lived biogenic bromine organic compounds. Tropospheric BrO vertical columns of 1.1±0.45×1013 molec/cm² are derived for the entire observation period. Comparisons between ground-based BrO vertical columns and total BrO columns derived from SCIAMACHY (onboard the ENVISAT satellite) nadir observations in a latitudinal band centered around 21° S present a good level of consistency, which further strengthens the conclusions of our study.

Final-revised paper