Evidence for long-lived polar vortex air in the mid-latitude summer stratosphere from in situ laser diode CH4 and H2O measurements
- 1IPSL, Service d’Aéronomie, UMR 7620, BP 3, 91371 Verrières-le-Buisson Cédex, France
- 2GSMA, UMR 6089, Université de Reims, BP 1039, 51687 Reims, Cédex 2, Franceo
Abstract. A balloon borne diode laser spectrometer was launched in southern France in June 2000 to yield in situ stratospheric CH4 and H2O measurements. In the altitude region ranging from 20km to 25km, striking large spatial structures were observed in the vertical concentration profiles of both species. We suggest these patterns are due to the presence of long-lived remnants of the wintertime polar vortex in the mid-latitude summer stratosphere. To support this interpretation, a high resolution advection model for potential vorticity is used to investigate the evolution of the Arctic vortex after its breakdown phase in spring 2000.