One-year record of organic and elemental carbon in fine particles in downtown Beijing and Shanghai
- 1Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
- 2Department of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
- 3College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
- 4GM R&D Center, Chemical and Environmental Sciences Laboratory, MC 480-106-269, Warren, MI 48090, USA
Abstract. Weekly PM2.5 samples were collected for one year (1999-2000) in Beijing and Shanghai and the carbonaceous species analyzed to investigate and compare their time series patterns and possible sources in the two biggest cities of China. Weekly carbonaceous concentrations varied in wide ranges with 8.6-59µg m-3 for OC and 1.5-25.4µg m-3 for EC in Beijing, and with 5.1-38.4µg m-3 for OC and 2.3-13.0µg m-3 for EC in Shanghai. Similar weekly and seasonal variations of OC and EC concentrations were found in each city though major combustion sources presented source-dependent emission characteristics and seasonal differences in emission amount for carbonaceous species. Both OC and EC maintained much higher concentrations in late fall through winter, probably due to enhanced emissions coupled with unfavorable meteorological conditions. In Beijing, the 14C analysis of limited samples suggested there was a significant contribution (33-48%) of modern carbon to the total fine carbonaceous PM burden with higher fractions in the harvest seasons. The high mass ratios of excessive potassium to EC in both Beijing and Shanghai also indicated that biomass burning had important contribution to fine carbonaceous particles.