Rayleigh lidar observation of a warm stratopause over a tropical site, Gadanki (13.5° N; 79.2° E)
- 1Laboratoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère CNRS–UMR 8105, Université de La Réunion, 15 Av. René Cassin, BP 7151, 97715 Saint-Denis Messag. Cedex 9, La Réunion, France
- 2Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), Observatoire de Physique de l’Atmosphère de la Réunion (OPAR), La Réunion, France
- 3Service d’Aéronomie CNRS-UMR 7620, France
- 4National Remote Sensing Agency, Bala Nagar, Hyderabad – 500 037, India
Abstract. The first Rayleigh lidar observation of a stratopause warming over a tropical site, Gadanki (13.5° N; 79.2° E), is presented in this paper. The warming event was observed on 22-23 February 2001, and found to occur in the stratopause region (~45km). The magnitude of the warming was found to be ~18K with respect to the winter-mean temperature profile derived from the lidar data collected over March 1998 to July 2001. The event observed by the lidar has also been seen in data from the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) on board the UARS satellite. The zonal-mean temperature at 80° N and the zonal-mean zonal wind at 60° N from the National Centre for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) analysis indicate that a major warming episode took place in the northern polar hemisphere a week before the day of the observation over Gadanki. Eliassen-Palm (E-P) flux calculations from ECMWF analysis show evidence of propagation of planetary-wave activity from high and mid- to low latitudes subsequent to the major warming episode over the pole. Our results support the view that the most likely source mechanism for the observed stratopause warming is the increase in planetary-wave activity.