Articles | Volume 4, issue 1
31 Jan 2004
31 Jan 2004

Using neural networks to describe tracer correlations

D. J. Lary, M. D. Müller, and H. Y. Mussa

Abstract. Neural networks are ideally suited to describe the spatial and temporal dependence of tracer-tracer correlations. The neural network performs well even in regions where the correlations are less compact and normally a family of correlation curves would be required. For example, the CH4-N2O correlation can be well described using a neural network trained with the latitude, pressure, time of year, and CH4 volume mixing ratio (v.m.r.). In this study a neural network using Quickprop learning and one hidden layer with eight nodes was able to reproduce the CH4-N2O correlation with a correlation coefficient between simulated and training values of 0.9995. Such an accurate representation of tracer-tracer correlations allows more use to be made of long-term datasets to constrain chemical models. Such as the dataset from the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) which has continuously observed CH (but not N2O) from 1991 till the present. The neural network Fortran code used is available for download.

Final-revised paper