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Volume 16, issue 3
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1433–1443, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-1433-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 1433–1443, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-1433-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Feb 2016

Research article | 09 Feb 2016

Light absorption of brown carbon aerosol in the PRD region of China

J.-F. Yuan, X.-F. Huang, L.-M. Cao, J. Cui, Q. Zhu, C.-N. Huang, Z.-J. Lan, and L.-Y. He J.-F. Yuan et al.
  • Key Laboratory for Urban Habitat Environmental Science and Technology, School of Environment and Energy, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China

Abstract. The strong spectral dependence of light absorption of brown carbon (BrC) aerosol is regarded to influence aerosol's radiative forcing significantly. The Absorption Angstrom Exponent (AAE) method has been widely used in previous studies to attribute light absorption of BrC at shorter wavelengths for ambient aerosols, with a theoretical assumption that the AAE of "pure" black carbon (BC) aerosol equals to 1.0. In this study, the AAE method was applied to both urban and rural environments in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China, with an improvement of constraining the realistic AAE of "pure" BC through statistical analysis of on-line measurement data. A three-wavelength photo-acoustic soot spectrometer (PASS-3) and aerosol mass spectrometers (AMS) were used to explore the relationship between the measured AAE and the relative abundance of organic aerosol to BC. The regression and extrapolation analysis revealed that more realistic AAE values for "pure" BC aerosol (AAEBC) were 0.86, 0.82, and 1.02 between 405 and 781 nm, and 0.70, 0.71, and 0.86 between 532 and 781 nm, in the campaigns of urbanwinter, urbanfall, and ruralfall, respectively. Roadway tunnel experiments were conducted and the results further confirmed the representativeness of the obtained AAEBC values for the urban environment. Finally, the average light absorption contributions of BrC (± relative uncertainties) at 405 nm were quantified to be 11.7 % (±5 %), 6.3 % (±4 %), and 12.1 % (±7 %) in the campaigns of urbanwinter, urbanfall, and ruralfall, respectively, and those at 532 nm were 10.0 % (±2 %), 4.1 % (±3 %), and 5.5 % (±5 %), respectively. The relatively higher BrC absorption contribution at 405 nm in the ruralfall campaign could be reasonably attributed to the biomass burning events nearby, which was then directly supported by the biomass burning simulation experiments performed in this study. This paper indicates that the BrC contribution to total aerosol light absorption at shorter wavelengths is not negligible in the highly urbanized and industrialized PRD region.

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Aerosol light absorption is regarded to influence aerosol's radiative forcing significantly, and brown carbon (BrC) in aerosol is a potentially important contributor. In this study, we utilized statistical analysis of on-line measurement data in both urban and rural environments in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China to quantify the aerosol light absorption of BrC, and the results indicate that the BrC contribution is not negligible in PRD, with a percent of up to > 10 %.
Aerosol light absorption is regarded to influence aerosol's radiative forcing significantly, and...
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