Articles | Volume 12, issue 8
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3821–3835, 2012
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3821–3835, 2012

Research article 27 Apr 2012

Research article | 27 Apr 2012

Unusually low ozone, HCl, and HNO3 column measurements at Eureka, Canada during winter/spring 2011

R. Lindenmaier1,*, K. Strong1, R. L. Batchelor2, M. P. Chipperfield3, W. H. Daffer4, J. R. Drummond5, T. J. Duck5, H. Fast6, W. Feng3,7, P. F. Fogal1,6, F. Kolonjari1, G. L. Manney4,8, A. Manson9, C. Meek9, R. L. Mittermeier6, G. J. Nott5, C. Perro5, and K. A. Walker1 R. Lindenmaier et al.
  • 1Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A7, Canada
  • 2Atmospheric Chemistry Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 3450 Mitchell Lane, Boulder, Colorado, 80310, USA
  • 3Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
  • 4Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, California, 91109, USA
  • 5Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, 6310 Coburg Road, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 1Z9, Canada
  • 6Air Quality Research Division, Environment Canada, 4905 Dufferin St., Toronto, Ontario, M3H 5T4, Canada
  • 7National Centre for Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
  • 8Department of Physics, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, 87801, USA
  • 9Institute of Space and Atmospheric Studies, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2, Canada
  • *now at: Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, 87545, USA

Abstract. As a consequence of dynamically variable meteorological conditions, springtime Arctic ozone levels exhibit significant interannual variability in the lower stratosphere. In winter 2011, the polar vortex was strong and cold for an unusually long time. Our research site, located at Eureka, Nunavut, Canada (80.05° N, 86.42° W), was mostly inside the vortex from October 2010 until late March 2011. The Bruker 125HR Fourier transform infrared spectrometer installed at the Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory at Eureka acquired measurements from 23 February to 6 April during the 2011 Canadian Arctic Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Validation Campaign. These measurements showed unusually low ozone, HCl, and HNO3 total columns compared to the previous 14 yr. To remove dynamical effects, we normalized these total columns by the HF total column. The normalized values of the ozone, HCl, and HNO3 total columns were smaller than those from previous years, and confirmed the occurrence of chlorine activation and chemical ozone depletion. To quantify the chemical ozone loss, a three-dimensional chemical transport model, SLIMCAT, and the passive subtraction method were used. The chemical ozone depletion was calculated as the mean percentage difference between the measured ozone and the SLIMCAT passive ozone, and was found to be 35%.

Final-revised paper