Articles | Volume 12, issue 6
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3115–3130, 2012

Special issue: Atmospheric implications of the volcanic eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull,...

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3115–3130, 2012

Research article 30 Mar 2012

Research article | 30 Mar 2012

Monitoring of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic aerosol plume over the Iberian Peninsula by means of four EARLINET lidar stations

M. Sicard1,2, J. L. Guerrero-Rascado3,4,*, F. Navas-Guzmán3,4, J. Preißler5, F. Molero6, S. Tomás1,2, J. A. Bravo-Aranda3,4, A. Comerón1, F. Rocadenbosch1,2, F. Wagner5, M. Pujadas6, and L. Alados-Arboledas3,4 M. Sicard et al.
  • 1Dept. of Signal Theory and Communications, Remote Sensing Lab., Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
  • 2Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya – Aeronautics and Space Research Center (IEEC-CRAE), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
  • 3Andalusian Centre for Environmental Research, Junta de Andalucía, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
  • 4Applied Physics Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
  • 5Centro de Geofísica de Évora, Évora, Portugal
  • 6Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas Medioambientales y Tecnológicas, Madrid, Spain
  • *now at: Centro de Geofísica de Évora, Évora, Portugal

Abstract. Lidar and sun-photometer measurements were performed intensively over the Iberian Peninsula (IP) during the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano (Iceland) in April–May 2010. The volcanic plume reached all the IP stations for the first time on 5 May 2010. A thorough study of the event was conducted for the period 5–8 May. Firstly, the spatial and temporal evolution of the plume was described by means of lidar and sun-photometer measurements supported with backtrajectories. The volcanic aerosol layers observed over the IP were rather thin (<1000 m) with a top height up to 11–12 km. However, in some cases at the beginning of the period the thickness of those layers reached several kilometers in Évora and Madrid. The optical thicknesses associated to those layers were rather low (between 0.013 and 0.020 in average over the whole period), with peak values near 0.10 detected on 7 May. Secondly, the volcanic aerosols were characterized in terms of extinction and backscatter coefficients, lidar ratios, Ångström exponents and linear particle depolarization ratio. Lidar ratios at different sites varied between 30 and 50 sr without a marked spectral dependency. Similar extinction-related Ångström exponents varying between 0.6 and 0.8 were observed at different sites. The temporal evolution of the backscatter-related Ångström exponents points out a possible decrease of the volcanic particle size as the plume moved from west to east. Particle depolarization ratios on the order of 0.06–0.08 confirmed the coexistence of both ash and non-ash particles. Additionally, profiles of mass concentration were obtained with a method using the opposite depolarizing effects of ash particles (strongly depolarizing), non-ash particles (very weakly depolarizing), and sun-photometer observations. In Granada the ash mass concentration was found to be approximately 1.5 times higher than that of non-ash particles, and probably did not exceed the value of 200 μg m−3 during the whole event.

Final-revised paper