Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1189–1201, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-1189-2012
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1189–1201, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-1189-2012

Research article 30 Jan 2012

Research article | 30 Jan 2012

Deposition nucleation on mineral dust particles: a case against classical nucleation theory with the assumption of a single contact angle

M. J. Wheeler and A. K. Bertram M. J. Wheeler and A. K. Bertram
  • Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada

Abstract. Deposition nucleation on two mineral species, kaolinite and illite, was studied using a flow cell coupled to an optical microscope. The results show that the Sice conditions when ice first nucleated, defined as the onset Sice (Sice,onset), is a strong function of the surface area available for nucleation, varying from 100% to 125% at temperatures between 242 and 239 K. The surface area dependent data could not be described accurately using classical nucleation theory and the assumption of a single contact angle (defined here as the single-α model). These results suggest that caution should be applied when using contact angles determined from Sice,onset data and the single-α model. In contrast to the single-α model, the active site model, the deterministic model, and a model with a distribution of contact angles fit the data within experimental uncertainties. Parameters from the fits to the data are presented.

Download
Altmetrics
Final-revised paper
Preprint