Modeling secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene oxidation under dry and humid conditions
Abstract. A new model for the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from isoprene was developed. This model uses surrogate molecular species (hydroxy-hydroperoxides, tetrols, methylglyceric acid, organic nitrates) to represent SOA formation. The development of this model used available experimental data on yields and molecular composition of SOA from isoprene and methacrolein oxidation. This model reproduces the amount of particles measured in smog chambers under both low-NOx and high-NOx conditions. Under low-NOx conditions, the model reproduces the transitional formation of hydroxy-hydroperoxides particles, which are photolyzed and lead to SOA mass decrease after reaching a maximum. Under high-NOx conditions, particles are assumed to be formed mostly from the photo-oxidation of a PAN-type molecule derived from methacrolein (MPAN). This model successfully reproduces the complex NOx-dependence of isoprene oxidation and suggests a possible yield increase under some high-NOx conditions. Experimental data correspond to dry conditions (RH < 10%). However, particles formed from isoprene are expected to be highly hydrophilic, and isoprene oxidation products would likely partition between an aqueous phase and the gas phase at high humidity in the atmosphere. The model was extended to take into account the hydrophilic properties of SOA, which are relevant under atmospheric conditions, and investigate the effect of particulate liquid water on SOA formation. An important increase in SOA mass was estimated for humid conditions due to the hydrophilic properties. Experiments under high relative humidity conditions should be conducted to confirm the results of this study, which have implications for SOA modeling.