Articles | Volume 11, issue 19
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10071–10084, 2011
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10071–10084, 2011

Research article 06 Oct 2011

Research article | 06 Oct 2011

TransCom continuous experiment: comparison of 222Rn transport at hourly time scales at three stations in Germany

S. Taguchi1, R. M. Law2, C. Rödenbeck3, P. K. Patra4, S. Maksyutov5, W. Zahorowski6, H. Sartorius7, and I. Levin8 S. Taguchi et al.
  • 1National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 2Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia
  • 3Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany
  • 4Frontier Research Center for Global Change/JAMSTEC, Yokohama, Japan
  • 5National Institute of Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 6Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Menai, New South Wales, Australia
  • 7Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Freiburg, Germany
  • 8Institut für Umweltphysik, University of Heidelberg, Germany

Abstract. Fourteen global atmospheric transport models were evaluated by comparing the simulation of 222Rn against measurements at three continental stations in Germany: Heidelberg, Freiburg and Schauinsland. Hourly concentrations simulated by the models using a common 222Rn-flux without temporal variations were investigated for 2002 and 2003. We found that the mean simulated concentrations in Heidelberg are related to the diurnal amplitude of boundary layer height in each model. Summer mean concentrations simulated by individual models were negatively correlated with the seasonal mean of diurnal amplitude of boundary layer height, while in winter the correlation was positive. We also found that the correlations between simulated and measured concentrations at Schauinsland were higher when the simulated concentrations were interpolated to the station altitude in most models. Temporal variations of the mismatch between simulated and measured concentrations suggest that there are significant interannual variations in the 222Rn exhalation rate in this region. We found that the local inversion layer during daytime in summer in Freiburg has a significant effect on 222Rn concentrations. We recommend Freiburg concentrations for validation of models that resolve local stable layers and those at Heidelberg for models without this capability.

Final-revised paper