Articles | Volume 10, issue 19
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9689–9704, 2010
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9689–9704, 2010

  14 Oct 2010

14 Oct 2010

Arctic shipping emissions inventories and future scenarios

J. J. Corbett1, D. A. Lack2,3, J. J. Winebrake4, S. Harder5, J. A. Silberman6, and M. Gold7 J. J. Corbett et al.
  • 1College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmosphere, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 19716, USA
  • 2NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, 80305, USA
  • 3Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 80309, USA
  • 4Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, 14623, NY, USA
  • 5Transport Canada, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z 2J8, Canada
  • 6GIS Consulting, Unionville, PA, 19375, USA
  • 7Canadian Coast Guard, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0E6, Canada

Abstract. This paper presents 5 km×5 km Arctic emissions inventories of important greenhouse gases, black carbon and other pollutants under existing and future (2050) scenarios that account for growth of shipping in the region, potential diversion traffic through emerging routes, and possible emissions control measures. These high-resolution, geospatial emissions inventories for shipping can be used to evaluate Arctic climate sensitivity to black carbon (a short-lived climate forcing pollutant especially effective in accelerating the melting of ice and snow), aerosols, and gaseous emissions including carbon dioxide. We quantify ship emissions scenarios which are expected to increase as declining sea ice coverage due to climate change allows for increased shipping activity in the Arctic. A first-order calculation of global warming potential due to 2030 emissions in the high-growth scenario suggests that short-lived forcing of ~4.5 gigagrams of black carbon from Arctic shipping may increase global warming potential due to Arctic ships' CO2 emissions (~42 000 gigagrams) by some 17% to 78%. The paper also presents maximum feasible reduction scenarios for black carbon in particular. These emissions reduction scenarios will enable scientists and policymakers to evaluate the efficacy and benefits of technological controls for black carbon, and other pollutants from ships.

Final-revised paper