Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-776
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-776
 
05 Dec 2022
05 Dec 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Air quality and related health impact in the UNECE region: source attribution and scenario analysis

Claudio A. Belis and Rita Van Dingenen Claudio A. Belis and Rita Van Dingenen
  • European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Via Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra, Italy

Abstract. The TM5-FASST tool was used to study the influence of abatement policies within and outside the UNECE region on the exposure to O3 and PM2.5 and associated mortality in the UNECE countries. To that end, the impacts of pollutants deriving from different geographical areas and activity sectors were evaluated using ECLIPSE V6 air pollutant and greenhouse gases emission reduction scenarios. The mortalities were attributed to O3 and PM2.5 following the Global Burden of Disease approach and allocated to geographic areas (UNECE and non-UNECE) and activity sectors, including natural sources. In addition, a combination of runs designed for the purpose led to allocating exposure to O3 and related mortality to two families of precursors: NOX-VOC and CH4. In this study the baseline scenario (CLE), that assumes that all air quality and greenhouse gas abatement measures adopted by 2018 are fully implemented, is compared with more ambitious scenarios (maximum feasible reduction, (MFR)). The conclusion from this comparison is that O3 exposure within the UNECE area is more sensitive to measures outside the UNECE region, than PM2.5 exposure even though the latter leads to higher mortality than the former. In the current legislation scenario (CLE), the mortality associated with O3 exposure in the UNECE region grows steadily from 2020 to 2050. The upward trend is mainly associated with the growing impact of CH4 emissions from areas outside UNECE. Also, the mortality related to NOX-VOC emissions outside UNECE increases in the same period. By comparison, a measurable decrease is observed in the mortality attributable to NOx-VOC emissions from UNECE. In the same time window, the mortality associated with PM2.5 exposure in the UNECE region at first decreases between 2020 and 2040 and then rises until 2050. The PM2.5 related mortality in UNECE is mainly due to anthropogenic emissions within this region followed by natural sources (sea salt and dust) mainly located outside the UNECE region. Between 2020 and 2050, the impact of some UNECE anthropogenic sources on PM2.5-related mortality decreases progressively, in particular road transport, energy production and domestic combustion while others, namely agriculture and industry, show an upward trend. Finally, the analysis of MFR scenarios confirms that abatement measures in line with UN SDGs and the Paris Agreement can lead to significant co-benefits between air quality and climate policies.

Claudio A. Belis and Rita Van Dingenen

Status: open (until 17 Feb 2023)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Claudio A. Belis and Rita Van Dingenen

Claudio A. Belis and Rita Van Dingenen

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Short summary
The study assesses to what extent the abatement of emissions in the rest of the world influences the exposure and mortality due to ozone and fine particulate matter in the region covered by the Gothenburg protocol (mainly Europe and North America). To that end, the impacts of pollutants deriving from different geographical areas and anthropogenic sources are analysed under a series of scenarios about the implementation of measures to abate air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.
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