Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-486
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2022-486
 
06 Oct 2022
06 Oct 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Impact of biogenic SOA loading on the molecular composition of wintertime PM2.5 in urban Tianjin: an insight from Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry

Shujun Zhong1, Shuang Chen1, Junjun Deng1, Yanbing Fan1, Qiang Zhang1, Qiaorong Xie1, Yulin Qi1, Wei Hu1, Libin Wu1, Xiaodong Li1, Chandra Mouli Pavuluri1, Jialei Zhu1, Xin Wang1, Di Liu2, Xiaole Pan2, Yele Sun2, Zifa Wang2, Yisheng Xu3, Haijie Tong4, Hang Su5, Yafang Cheng5, Kimitaka Kawamura6, and Pingqing Fu1 Shujun Zhong et al.
  • 1Institute of Surface-Earth System Science, School of Earth System Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China
  • 2LAPC, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 3State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
  • 4Institute of Surface Science, Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, 21502 Geesthacht, Germany
  • 5Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
  • 6Chubu Institute for Advanced Studies, Chubu University, Kasugai, Japan

Abstract. Biomass burning is one of the key sources of urban aerosols in the North China Plain, especially in winter when the impact of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) formed from biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) is generally considered to be minor. However, little is known about the influence of biogenic SOA loading on the molecular composition of wintertime organic aerosols. Here, we investigated the water-soluble organic compounds in fine particles (PM2.5) from urban Tianjin by ultrahigh-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). Our results show that most of the CHO and CHON compounds were derived from biomass burning; they contain O-poor and highly unsaturated compounds with aromatic rings, which are sensitive to photochemical reactions, and some of which probably contribute to light-absorbing chromophores. Under moderate to high SOA loading conditions, the nocturnal chemistry is more efficient than photooxidation to generate secondary CHO and CHON compounds with high oxygen content. Under low SOA-loading, secondary CHO and CHON compounds with low oxygen content are mainly formed by photochemistry. Secondary CHO compounds are mainly derived from oxidation of monoterpenes. But nocturnal chemistry may be more productive to sesquiterpene-derived CHON compounds. In contrast, the number- and intensity-weight of S-containing groups (CHOS and CHONS) increased significantly with the increase of biogenic SOA-loading, which agrees with the fact that a majority of the S-containing groups are identified as organosulfates and nitrooxy-organosulfates that are derived from the oxidation of BVOCs. Terpenes may be potential major contributors to the chemical diversity of organosulfates and nitrooxy-organosulfates under photo-oxidation. While the nocturnal chemistry is more beneficial to the formation of organosulfates and nitrooxy-organosulfates under low SOA-loading. The SOA-loading is an important factor associating with the oxidation degree, nitrate group content and chemodiversity of nitrooxy-organosulfates. Furthermore, our study suggests that the hydrolysis of nitrooxy-organosulfates is a possible pathway for the formation of organosulfates.

Shujun Zhong et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on acp-2022-486', Anonymous Referee #1, 28 Oct 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on acp-2022-486', Anonymous Referee #3, 30 Nov 2022

Shujun Zhong et al.

Shujun Zhong et al.

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Short summary
This study investigated the role of the secondary organic aerosol (SOA) loading on the molecular composition of wintertime urban aerosols by ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry. Results demonstrate that the SOA-loading is an important factor associating with the oxidation degree, nitrate group content and chemodiversity of nitrooxy-organosulfates. Our study also found that the hydrolysis of nitrooxy-organosulfates is a possible pathway for the formation of organosulfates.
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