20 Oct 2021

20 Oct 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Contribution of Asian emissions to upper tropospheric CO over the remote Pacific

Linda Smoydzin and Peter Hoor Linda Smoydzin and Peter Hoor
  • Institute for Atmospheric Physics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany

Abstract. We use CO data from the MOPITT satellite instrument from 2000–2019 to compose a climatology of severe pollution events in the mid- and upper troposphere over the northern-hemispheric (NH-) Pacific. To link each individual pollution event detected by MOPITT with a CO source region, we performed trajectory calculations using MPTRAC, a lagrangian transport model. To analyse transport pathways and uplift mechanisms we combine MOPITT data, the trajectory calculations and ERA-Interim reanalysis data.

Events of elevated CO which we detect at level between 500 hPa and 300 hPa over the NH-Pacific throughout the year, occur with a surprisingly high regularity and frequency (70 % of all days during winter, 80 % respectively during spring). Our study further indicates, that the spatial coverage of individual upper tropospheric pollution cluster increased in spring time during the 20 years we analysed.

The position of upper tropospheric pollution plumes show a strong seasonal cycle. During winter, most pollution events are detected over the north-eastern and central NH-Pacific, during spring over the central NH-Pacific and during summer over the western NH-Pacific. We detect most pollution episodes during spring. Trajectory simulations reveal China as the major CO-source region throughout the year. The contribution of other source regions shows a strong seasonal cycle: NE-Asia is a significant CO-source region during winter and summer while India and SE-Asia are important source regions mainly during spring.

Linda Smoydzin and Peter Hoor

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-733', Anonymous Referee #1, 02 Nov 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-733', Anonymous Referee #2, 11 Nov 2021

Linda Smoydzin and Peter Hoor

Linda Smoydzin and Peter Hoor


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Short summary
Our study presents a detailed analysis of the spatial and temporal distribution of elevated CO level in the upper troposphere over the Pacific using 20 years of MOPITT data. We create a climatology of severe pollution episodes and use trajectory calculations to link each particular pollution event detected in MOPITT satellite data with a distinct source region. Additionally we analyze uplift mechanisms such as wcb-related upward transport.