Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-709
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-709

  30 Sep 2021

30 Sep 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Meteorological effects on PM2.5 change over a receptor region in regional transport of air pollutants: observational study of recent year emission reduction in central China

Xiaoyun Sun1, Tianliang Zhao1, Yongqing Bai2, Shaofei Kong3, Huang Zheng3, Weiyang Hu1, Xiaodan Ma1, and Jie Xiong2 Xiaoyun Sun et al.
  • 1Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Key Laboratory for Aerosol -Cloud- Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration, PREMIC, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
  • 2Institute of Heavy Rain, China Meteorological Administration, Wuhan, 430205, China
  • 3Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan, 430074, China

Abstract. As an important issue in atmospheric environment, the contributions of anthropogenic emissions and meteorological conditions to air pollution have been few assessed over the receptor region in regional transport of air pollutants. In this study on observations of environment and meteorology over 2015–2019, the Kolmogorov–Zurbenko (KZ) filter was performed to decompose the PM2.5 variations into multi-time scale components over the Twain-Hu Basin (THB), a receptor region in regional transport of air pollutants in central China, where the short-term, seasonal and long-term components accounted for respectively 47.5 %, 41.4 % and 3.7 % to daily PM2.5 changes. The short-term and seasonal components dominated the day-to-day PM2.5 variations with long-term component determining the change trend of PM2.5 concentrations over recent years. The emission- and meteorology-related long-term PM2.5 components over the THB were identified. The meteorological contribution to PM2.5 declining trend presented the distinct spatial pattern over the THB with northern positive rates up to 61.92 % and southern negative rates down to −24.93 %. The opposite effects of meteorology on PM2.5 pollution could accelerate and offset the effects of emission reductions in the northern and southern THB, which is attributed to the upwind diffusion and downward accumulation of air pollutants over the receptor region in regional PM2.5 transport. It is noteworthy that the increasing conversion efficiencies of SO2 and NO2 to sulfate and nitrate for secondary PM2.5 could offset the effects of PM2.5 emission reduction on air pollution in the THB during recent years, revealing the enhancing contribution of gaseous precursor emissions to PM2.5 concentrations with controlling anthropogenic emissions of PM2.5 and the gaseous precursors over the receptor region in regional transport of air pollutants.

Xiaoyun Sun et al.

Status: open (until 11 Nov 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Xiaoyun Sun et al.

Xiaoyun Sun et al.

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Short summary
This study exposed the impact of anthropogenic emissions and meteorological conditions on the PM2.5 decline over a receptor region in regional transport of air pollutants in central China. The meteorological drivers lead to upwind accelerating and downward offsetting the effects of emission reduction over the receptor region in regional PM2.5 transport, and the contribution of gaseous precursor emissions to PM2.5 pollution was enhanced with reducing anthropogenic emissions over recent years.
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