Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-585
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-585

  14 Jul 2021

14 Jul 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal ACP.

Potential new tracers and their relative emission factors for burning household waste in stoves

András Hoffer1, Ádám Tóth2, Beatrix Jancsek-Turóczi2, Attila Machon3, Aida Meiramova2, Attila Nagy4, Luminita Marmureanu5, and András Gelencsér1,2 András Hoffer et al.
  • 1MTA-PE Air Chemistry Research Group, 8200, Veszprém, Hungary
  • 2Air Chemistry Research Group, University of Pannonia, 8200, Veszprém, Hungary
  • 3Hungarian Meteorological Service, 1181, Budapest, Hungary
  • 4Wigner Research Centre for Physics, 1121 Budapest, Hungary
  • 5Remote Sensing Department, National Institute of R&D for Optoelectronics, 409 Atomistilor Str., Măgurele, Ilfov, Romania

Abstract. The production and use of plastics increases rapidly as they are widely used in packaging, construction materials, furniture, foils, etc. As a consequence of their widespread use and often disposable character, vast streams of plastic wastes are continuously generated, a considerable fraction of which are combusted in households worldwide. In this paper, various types of commonly used plastics (PE, PET, PP, PU, PVC, PS, ABS), as well as treated wood samples (LDF) and firewood were combusted separately in a test stove under controlled conditions. The particulates emitted during the combustion test were collected on filters, and potential tracers for each waste type were identified by GC-MS, and their relative abundances were determined. The emission factor of 1,3,5-triphenylbenzene was found to be higher for polymers containing aromatic rings in their structure. The application of terphenyls and quarterphenyls as tracer compounds has also been investigated. The trimer of styrene was found to be a potential tracer for the combustion of polystyrene and/or styrene containing copolymers. Novel tracers were proposed for the burning of PET and furniture plates (LDF), which are among the most widely used waste types burned in households.

András Hoffer et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-585', Anonymous Referee #1, 06 Aug 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-585', Anonymous Referee #2, 06 Sep 2021
  • AC1: 'Authors' response to reviewers', András Gelencsér, 16 Oct 2021

András Hoffer et al.

András Hoffer et al.

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Short summary
Due to the widespread use of plastics high amounts of waste are burned in households worldwide emitting vast amounts of PM10 and PAHs into the atmosphere. In this work different types of common plastics were burned in the laboratory with a view to identifying potentially specific tracer compounds and determining their emission factors. The compounds found were also successfully identified in atmospheric PM10 samples indicating their potential use as ambient tracers for illegal waste burning.
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