14 Jun 2021

14 Jun 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Aerosol radiative impact during the summer 2019 heatwave produced partly by an inter-continental Saharan dust outbreak – Part 2: Long-wave and net dust direct radiative effect

Michaël Sicard1,2, Carmen Córdoba-Jabonero3, María-Ángeles López-Cayuela3, Albert Ansmann4, Adolfo Comerón1, María-Paz Zorzano5,6, Alejandro Rodríguez-Gómez1, and Constantino Muñoz-Porcar1 Michaël Sicard et al.
  • 1CommSensLab, Dept. of Signal Theory and Communications, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), 08034-Barcelona, Spain
  • 2Ciències i Tecnologies de l’Espai-Centre de Recerca de l’Aeronàutica i de l’Espai/Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (CTE-CRAE/IEEC), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), 08034-Barcelona, Spain
  • 3Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Atmospheric Research and Instrumentation Branch, Torrejón de Ardoz, 28850-Madrid, Spain
  • 4Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), 04318-Leipzig, Germany
  • 5Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Ctra. Ajalvir, km. 4, Torrejón de Ardoz, 28850-Madrid, Spain
  • 6School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3FX, UK

Abstract. This paper is the companion paper of Córdoba-Jabonero et al. (2021). It deals with the estimation of the longwave (LW) and net dust direct radiative effect (DRE) during the dust episode that occurred between 23 and 30 June, 2019, and coincided with a mega-heatwave. The analysis is performed at two European sites where polarized-Micro-Pulse Lidars ran continuously to retrieve the vertical distribution of the dust optical properties: Barcelona, Spain, 23–30 June, and Leipzig, Germany, 29–30 June. The radiative effect is computed with the GAME radiative transfer model separately for the fine- and coarse-mode dust. The instantaneous and daily radiative effect and radiative efficiency (DREff) are provided for the fine-mode, coarse-mode and total dust at the surface, top of the atmosphere (TOA) and in the atmosphere. The fine-mode daily LW DRE is small (< 6 % of the shortwave (SW) component) which makes the coarse-mode LW DRE the main modulator of the total dust net DRE. The coarse-mode LW DRE starts exceeding (in absolute values) the SW component in the middle of the episode which produces positive coarse-mode net DRE at both the surface and TOA. Such an unusual tendency is attributed to increasing coarse-mode size and surface temperature along the episode. This has the effect of reducing the SW cooling in Barcelona up to the point of reaching total dust net DRE positive (+0.9 W m−2) on one occasion at the surface and quasi-neutral (−0.6 W m−2) at TOA. When adding the LW component, the total dust SW radiative efficiency is reduced by a factor 1.6 at both surface (on average over the episode, the total dust net DREff is −54.1 W m−2 τ−1) and TOA (−37.3 W m−2 τ−1). A sensitivity study performed on the surface temperature and the air temperature in the dust layer, both linked to the heatwave and upon which the LW DRE strongly depends, shows that the heatwave contributed to reduce the dust net cooling effect at the surface and that it had nearly no effect at TOA. Its subsequent effect was thus to reduce the heating of the atmosphere produced by the dust particles.

Michaël Sicard et al.

Status: open (until 03 Nov 2021)

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Michaël Sicard et al.

Michaël Sicard et al.


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Short summary
This paper completes the companion paper of Córdoba-Jabonero et al. (2021). We estimate the total direct radiative effect produced by mineral dust particles during the June 2019 mega-heatwave at 2 sites in Spain and Germany. The results show that the dust particles in the atmosphere contribute to cool the surface (les radiation reaches the surface), and that the heatwave (parametrized by high surface and air temperatures) contributes to reduce this cooling.