Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-388
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2021-388

  10 May 2021

10 May 2021

Review status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Statistical validation of Aeolus L2A particle backscatter coefficient retrievals over ACTRIS/EARLINET stations in the Iberian Peninsula

Jesús Abril-Gago1,2, Juan Luis Guerrero-Rascado1,2, Maria João Costa3,4, Juan Antonio Bravo-Aranda1,2, Michaël Sicard5,6, Diego Bermejo-Pantaleón1,2, Daniele Bortoli3,4,7, María José Granados-Muñoz1,2, Alejandro Rodríguez-Gómez5, Constantino Muñoz-Porcar5, Adolfo Comerón5, Pablo Ortiz-Amezcua1,2,8, Vanda Salgueiro3,4, Marta María Jiménez-Martín1,2, and Lucas Alados-Arboledas1,2 Jesús Abril-Gago et al.
  • 1Andalusian Institute for Earth System Research (IISTA-CEAMA), Granada, 18006, Spain
  • 2Applied Physics Department, University of Granada, Granada, 18071, Spain
  • 3Earth Remote Sensing Laboratory (EaRSLab), University of Évora, Évora, 7000-671, Portugal
  • 4Institute of Earth Sciences (ITC) and Department of Physics, University of Évora, Évora, 7000-671, Portugal
  • 5CommSensLab, Department of Signal Theory and Communications, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, 08034, Spain
  • 6Ciències i Tecnologies de l’Espa i-Centre de Recerca de l’Aeronàutica i de l’Espai, Institut d’Estudis Espacia ls de Catalunya (CTE-CRAE/IEEC), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, 08034, Spain
  • 7Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC-CNR), Bologna, 40129, Italy
  • 8Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, 02-093, Poland

Abstract. Global Observing Systems (GOS) encounter some limitations due to a lack of worldwide real-time wind measurements. In this context, the European Space Agency (ESA) has developed the Aeolus satellite mission, based on the ALADIN (Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument) Doppler wind lidar, aimed to obtain near real-time wind retrievals at global scale. As spin-off products, the instrument retrieves aerosol optical properties such as particle backscatter and extinction coefficients. In this work, a validation of Aeolus reprocessed (baseline 10) co-polar backscatter coefficients is presented through an intercomparison with analogous ground-based measurements taken at the ACTRIS/EARLINET stations of Granada (Spain), Évora (Portugal) and Barcelona (Spain) over the period from July 2019 until October 2020. Case studies are first presented, followed by a statistical analysis. The stations are located in a hot spot between Africa and the rest of Europe, which guarantees a variety of aerosol types, from mineral dust layers to continental/anthropogenic aerosol, and allow us to test Aeolus performance under different scenarios. The so called Aeolus-like profiles are obtained from total particle backscatter coefficient and linear particle depolarization ratio profiles at 355 nm and 532 nm measured from surface, through a thorough bibliographic review of dual-polarization measurements for relevant aerosol types. Finally, the study proposes a relation for the spectral conversion of , which is implemented in the Aeolus-like profile calculation. The statistical results show the ability of the satellite to detect and characterize significant aerosol layers under cloud free conditions, along with the surface effect on the lowermost measurements, which causes the satellite to largely overestimate co-polar backscatter coefficients. Finally, Aeolus standard correct algorithm middle bin (SCAmb) shows a better agreement with ground-based measurements than the standard correct algorithm (SCA), which tends to retrieve negative and meaningless coefficients in the clear troposphere. The implementation of Aeolus quality flags entails a vast reduction in the number of measurements available for comparison, which affects the statistical significance of the results, without improving significantly the statistical agreement between satellite and ground-based measurements.

Jesús Abril-Gago et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-388', Anonymous Referee #1, 04 Jul 2021
  • RC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-388', Anonymous Referee #2, 21 Jul 2021
  • AC1: 'Comment on acp-2021-388 Answers reviewer 1', J. L. Guerrero-Rascado, 31 Aug 2021
  • AC2: 'Comment on acp-2021-388 Answers reviewer 2', J. L. Guerrero-Rascado, 31 Aug 2021

Jesús Abril-Gago et al.

Jesús Abril-Gago et al.

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Short summary
A validation of Aeolus reprocessed optical products is presented through an intercomparison with ground-based measurements taken several ACTRIS/EARLINET in Western Europe. Case studies are first presented, followed by a statistical analysis. The stations are located in a hot spot between Africa and the rest of Europe, which guarantees a variety of aerosol types, from mineral dust layers to continental/anthropogenic aerosol, and allow us to test Aeolus performance under different scenarios.
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