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© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  10 Aug 2020

10 Aug 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Measurement Report: Determination of aerosol vertical features on different time-scales over East Asia based on CATS aerosol products

Yueming Cheng1,2, Tie Dai1,2, Jiming Li3, and Guangyu Shi1,2 Yueming Cheng et al.
  • 1Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
  • 2State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 3Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of Education, College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China

Abstract. The Cloud-Aerosol Transport System (CATS) lidar, on board the International Space Station (ISS), provides a new opportunity for studying aerosol vertical distributions, especially the diurnal variations from space observations. In this study, we investigate the seasonal variations and diurnal cycles of the vertical aerosol extinction coefficients (AECs) over East Asia by taking advantage of 32 months of the continuous and uniform aerosol measurements from the CATS lidar. Over the Tibetan Plateau, a belt of AECs approximately 6 km between 30° N and 38° N persistently exists in all seasons with an obviously seasonal variation. In summer, the aerosols at 6 km are identified as a mixture of both anthropogenic aerosols transported from India and coarse dust particles from Asian dust sources. In addition, the high AECs up to 8 km in summer over the Tibetan Plateau are caused by smoke aerosols from thermal dynamic processes. In fall and winter, the north slope of the plateau is continuously influenced by both dust aerosols and polluted aerosols transported upslope from the cities located in northwestern Asia at lower elevations. The diurnal variation of AECs in North China is mainly related to the diurnal variations of the transported dust and local polluted aerosols. Below 2 km, the AEC profiles in North China at 06:00 local Time (LT) and 12:00 LT are significantly higher than those at 00:00 LT and 18:00 LT, reaching the maximum at midday. The aerosol vertical profiles over the Tarim desert region in summer have obvious diurnal variations with the AECs at 12:00 LT and 18:00 LT being significantly higher than those at 00:00 LT and 06:00 LT, which are induced by the strongly diurnal variations in near-surface wind speeds. In addition, the peak of the AEC profiles has a significant seasonal variation, which is mainly determined by the boundary layer height.

Yueming Cheng et al.

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Yueming Cheng et al.

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Latest update: 29 Sep 2020
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
In this paper we present the analysis of the aerosol vertical features observed by CATS collected from 2015 to 2017 over three selected regions (North China, the Tibetan Plateau, and the Tarim Basin) with different time scales. These comprehensive information provides insights into the seasonal variations and diurnal cycles of the aerosol vertical features across East Asia. We believe this study may be of particular interest to the readers.
In this paper we present the analysis of the aerosol vertical features observed by CATS...