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https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-681
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-681
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  12 Aug 2020

12 Aug 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

A measurement and model study on ozone characteristics in marine air at a remote island station and its interaction with urban ozone air quality in Shanghai, China

Yixuan Gu1,2, Fengxia Yan3, Jianming Xu1,2, Yuanhao Qu1,2, and Wei Gao1,2 Yixuan Gu et al.
  • 1Shanghai Typhoon Institute, Shanghai Meteorological Service, Shanghai 200030, China
  • 2Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai Meteorological Service, Shanghai 200030, China
  • 3Meteorological Center of Traffic Management of East China, Shanghai 2000135, China

Abstract. To understand the characteristics and changes of baseline ozone (O3) in oceanic air in East China, a six-year measurement of O3 concentration was conducted from 1 January 2012 to 15 September 2017 at a remote offshore station located on the Sheshan Island (SSI) near the megacity of Shanghai. The observed monthly mean O3 concentrations at SSI ranged from 33.4 to 61.4 ppbv during the study period, which were about 80 % and 12 % higher, respectively than those measured at downtown and rural sites in Shanghai. Compared to the remarkable O3 increases observed at urban and rural sites in Shanghai, observed O3 concentrations at SSI exhibited statistically insignificant increasing changes (1.12 ppbv yr−1, α > 0.10) during the observation period, suggesting less impacts of anthropogenic emissions on O3 levels in oceanic air. In addition, an insignificant decreasing change (−0.72 ppbv yr−1, α > 0.10) was detected in O3 concentrations at SSI in September and October when the influence of regional transport was minimum throughout the year, providing a good proxy to study the baseline oxidation capacity of the oceanic atmosphere. City plumes from Shanghai usually carried higher levels of NOx, resulting in decreased O3 concentrations at SSI during southwesterly and westerly winds. However, In MAM (March–May) and JJA (June–August), due to the enhanced oxidation of oxygenated volatile organic compounds, O3 could be continuously produced during daytime in aged city plumes, resulting in elevated O3 concentrations transported to SSI. The impacts of the offshore O3 on O3 levels in Shanghai are quantified during an easterly wind dominant episode (September 1–30, 2014) using the WRF-Chem model. Sensitivity results suggest that O3 in the oceanic air inflows can lead to 20–30 % increases in urban O3 concentrations, which should be crucially considered in dealing with urban O3 pollution in large coastal cities like Shanghai.

Yixuan Gu et al.

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Short summary
High levels and statistically insignificant changes of ozone are detected at a remote monitoring site on the SheShan Island in Shanghai, China, during 2012–2017. Six-year observations suggest regional transport exerted minimum influence on the offshore oceanic air in September and October. Both city plumes and oceanic air inflows could contribute to ozone enhancements in Shanghai, and the latter are found to lead to 20–30 % increases in urban ozone concentrations based on WRF-Chem simulations.
High levels and statistically insignificant changes of ozone are detected at a remote monitoring...
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