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https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-672
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-672
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  17 Jul 2020

17 Jul 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Emission factors for PM10 and PAHs from illegal burning of different types of municipal waste in households

András Hoffer1, Beatrix Jancsek-Turóczi2, Ádám Tóth2, Gyula Kiss1,2, Anca Naghiu3, Erika Andrea Levei3, Luminita Marmureanu4, Attila Machon5, and András Gelencsér1,2 András Hoffer et al.
  • 1MTA-PE Air Chemistry Research Group, 10 Egyetem Street, H-8200 Veszprém, Hungary
  • 2Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Pannonia, 10 Egyetem Street, H-8200 Veszprém, Hungary
  • 3Research Institute for Analytical Instrumentation Subsidiary, National Institute for R&D for Optoelectronics, 67 Donath Str., RO-400293 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • 4Remote Sensing Department, National Institute of R&D for Optoelectronics, 409 Atomistilor Str., Magurele, Ilfov, Romania
  • 5Air Quality Reference Centre, Hungarian Meteorological Service, 39 Gilice Square, H-1181 Budapest, Hungary

Abstract. It is a common practice in the developing countries and in some regions of Europe that solid wastes generated in the households (e.g. plastic beverage packaging and other plastic wastes, textile wastes, fibreboards, furniture, tyres, and coloured paper waste) are burned in wood- or coal-fired stoves during the winter months. In Europe, the types and volume of municipal waste burned in households is virtually unknown because these activities are illegal and not recorded, with the exception of a few media reports or court cases. Even though particulate emissions from illegal waste burning pose an unprecedented hazard to human health due to the combination of excessive emission factors (EFs) and uncontrolled chemical composition, there is scarce information on the specific emission factors for PM10 and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the scientific literature. In this work, controlled combustion tests were performed with 12 different types of municipal solid waste and particulate emissions were measured and collected for chemical analysis. Absolute emission factors for PM10 and PAHs as well as the benzo(a)pyrene toxicity equivalent of the latter are reported for the first time for the indoor combustion of 12 common types of municipal solid waste that are frequently burned in households worldwide.

András Hoffer et al.

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Short summary
Emission factors for PM10 and PAHs are reported for the first time ever for the indoor combustion of 12 common types of municipal solid waste that are frequently burned in households worldwide. We have found that waste burning emits up to 40 times more PM10 and 800 times more PAHs than the combustion of dry firewood. Our finding highlight the need for coordinated actions against illegal waste combustion and the extreme health hazard associated with it.
Emission factors for PM10 and PAHs are reported for the first time ever for the indoor...
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