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https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-489
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-489
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  07 Jul 2020

07 Jul 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

The dual-field-of-view polarization lidar technique: A new concept in monitoring aerosol effects in liquid-water clouds – Case studies

Cristofer Jimenez1, Albert Ansmann1, Ronny Engelmann1, David Donovan2, Aleksey Malinka3, Patric Seifert1, Martin Radenz1, Zhenping Yin1,4,5, Robert Wiesen1, Johannes Bühl1, Jörg Schmidt6, Ulla Wandinger1, and Boris Barja7 Cristofer Jimenez et al.
  • 1Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
  • 2Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, the Netherlands
  • 3National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus
  • 4School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 5Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment and Geodesy, Ministry of Education, Wuhan, China
  • 6Institute of Meteorology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
  • 7Atmospheric Research Laboratory, University of Magallanes, Punta Arenas, Chile

Abstract. In a companion article (Jimenez et al., 2020), we introduced a new lidar method to derive microphysical properties of liquid-water clouds (cloud extinction coefficient, droplet effective radius, liquid-water content, cloud droplet number concentration Nd) at a height of 50–100 m above cloud base together with aerosol information (aerosol extinction coefficients, cloud condensation nucleus concentration NCCN) below the cloud layer so that detailed studies of the influence of given aerosol conditions on the evolution of liquid-water cloud layers with high temporal resolution solely based on lidar observations became possible now. The novel cloud retrieval technique makes use of lidar observations of the volume linear depolarization ratio at two different receiver field-of-views (FOVs). In this part 2, the new dual-FOV polarization lidar technique is applied to cloud measurements in pristine marine conditions at Punta Arenas in southern Chile. A multiwavelength polarization Raman lidar, upgraded by integrating a second polarization-sensitive channel to permit depolarization ratio observations at two FOVs, was used for these measurements at the southernmost tip of South America. Two case studies are presented to demonstrate the potential of the new lidar technique. Successful aerosol-cloud-interaction (ACI) studies based on measurements with the upgraded aerosol-cloud lidar in combination with a Doppler lidar of the vertical wind component could be carried with one minute temporal resolution at these pristine conditions. In a stratocumulus layer at the top of the convective boundary layer, we found values of Nd and NCCN (for 0.2 % water supersaturation) ranging from 15–100 cm−3 and 75–200 cm−3, respectively, and associated activation ratios (Nd / NCCN) of 0.25–0.5 during updraft periods. The studies of the aerosol impact on cloud properties yielded ACI values close to 1. The impact of aerosol water-uptake on the ACI studies was analyzed with the result that the highest ACI values were obtained when considering aerosol proxies (light extinction coefficient or NCCN) measured at heights about 500 m below cloud base (and thus for dry aerosol conditions).

Cristofer Jimenez et al.

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Cristofer Jimenez et al.

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Short summary
Part 2 presents the application of the dual-field-of-view polarization lidar technique introduced in part 1. A lidar system was upgraded with a second polarization-telescope and it was deployed at the southernmost tip of South America. A comparison with alternative remote sensing techniques and the evaluation of the aerosol-cloud-wind relation in a convective boundary layer in pristine marine conditions are presented in 2 case studies, demonstrating the potential of the approach for ACI studies.
Part 2 presents the application of the dual-field-of-view polarization lidar technique...
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