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Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-1075
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2020-1075
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  16 Nov 2020

16 Nov 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal ACP.

Structure, dynamics, and trace gases variability within the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone in extreme El Niño of 2015–16

Saginela Ravindra Babu1,2, Madineni Venkat Ratnam2, Ghouse Basha2, Shantanu Kumar Pani1, and Neng-Huei Lin1,3 Saginela Ravindra Babu et al.
  • 1Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Central University, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan
  • 2National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Gadanki 517112, India
  • 3Center for Environmental Monitoring and Technology, National Central University, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan

Abstract. In this work, the detailed changes in the structure, dynamics and trace gases within the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone (ASMA) during extreme El Niño of 2015–16 is delineated by using Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) measurements, COSMIC Radio Occultation (RO) temperature, and NCEP reanalysis products. We have considered the individual months of July and August 2015 for the present study. The results show that the ASMA structure was quite different in 2015 as compared to the long-term (2005–2014) mean. In July, the spatial extension of the ASMA shows larger than the long-term mean in all the regions except over northeastern Asia, where, it exhibits a strong southward shift in its position. The ASMA splits into two and western Pacific mode is evident in August. Interestingly, the subtropical westerly jet (STJ) shifted southward from its normal position over northeastern Asia as resulted mid latitude air moved southward in 2015. Intense Rossby wave breaking events along with STJ are also found in July 2015. Due to these dynamical changes in the ASMA, pronounced changes in the ASMA tracers are noticed in 2015 compared to the long-term mean. A 30 % (20 %) decrease in carbon monoxide (water vapor) at 100 hPa is observed in July over most of the ASMA region, whereas in August the drop is strongly concentrated in the edges of the ASMA. Prominent increase of O3 (> 40 %) at 100 hPa is clearly evident within the ASMA in July, whereas in August the increase is strongly located (even at 121 hPa) over the western edges of the ASMA. Further, the temperature around the tropopause shows significant positive anomalies (~ 5 K) within the ASMA in 2015. Overall, warming of the tropopause region due to the increased O3 weakens the anticyclone and further supported the weaker ASMA in 2015 reported by previous studies.

Saginela Ravindra Babu et al.

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Saginela Ravindra Babu et al.

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Short summary
The present study explores the detailed structure, dynamics, and trace gases variability within the ASMA in extreme El Niño of 2015–16. The results found the structure of the ASMA shows strong spatial variability between July and August 2015. Western pacific mode of the anticyclone is noticed in August. A significant lowering of tropospheric tracers and a strong increase in the stratospheric tracers is found. The tropopause temperatures also exhibit warm temperatures within the ASMA.
The present study explores the detailed structure, dynamics, and trace gases variability within...
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